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Let the self-driving car be lightly installed

"The development of intelligent grid-linked vehicles is a core element in building a new industry ecosystem for smart travel services and has become an important breakthrough in the transformation and upgrading of the automobile industry in the new era. In order to promote automatic driving to the highest level of unmanned driving, some powerful automotive industry countries and world-renowned companies have accelerated the development and testing of fully automated driving technology. The issuance of the ""Intelligent Networked Vehicle Road Test Management Regulations"" will help promote China's self-driving cars to ""go on the road.""

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security, and the Ministry of Transport jointly issued the ""Intelligent Networked Vehicle Road Test Management Regulations"", which has put forward strict requirements for test subjects, test drivers, and test vehicles to promote China's intelligent network-linked vehicles. development of.

“The development of intelligent network-linked vehicles is not only an important means to solve the problems of traffic safety, road congestion, energy consumption, and pollution emissions faced by the automobile society, but also a core element for constructing a new type of smart transportation service ecosystem, and it is also a means to boost the power of transportation and digital China. The important carrier for building a smart society has become an important breakthrough in the transformation and upgrading of the automotive industry in the new era and a strategic commanding height in the global automotive industry's technological transformation,” said Xin Guobin, deputy minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Technology is expected to ""step-by-step"" breakthrough

""Intelligent connected cars and self-driving cars are the same concept, but they have different names applied in different industries and fields."" Pang Song, director of the Department of Science and Technology of the Ministry of Transport, said that currently automated driving technology has been applied in the field of banking and rail transit. Widely used, automatic driving can bring positive effects on road safety, high efficiency, energy saving, and comfort. Driverless driving is the highest stage of automatic driving. However, from the perspective of current technology, there is still a long way to achieve unmanned driving. To go. In addition, after the autopilot technology is mature, it is necessary to promote the development of relevant application policies and standards and norms.

“The concept of intelligent grid-connected vehicles has been around for a long time, especially in the recent 10 years. The main reason is the combination of mobile internet and automation.” Professor Li Keqiang of Tsinghua University said that autopilot or smart networked cars are classified. From assisted driving to fully automatic driving, it depends on technological breakthroughs. In certain scenarios such as warehouses, restricted areas, etc., automatic driving can be achieved very quickly; but it takes some time to truly achieve full automatic driving.

The industry divides autopilot into several levels. L2 is partially autopilot, L3 is conditional autopilot, and L4 and L5 are fully automated. Tao Ji, director of automatic driving technology at Baidu, believes that the smart network connection allows vehicles to communicate with other vehicles and the cloud via the V2X (Vehicle and External Information Exchange) technology to obtain information other than human perception capabilities, such as blind intersections and obstructions. Place etc. In addition, future roads may also undergo technical changes in order to adapt to fully automated driving, such as setting up dedicated roads for autonomous vehicles. When these technologies are all implemented, autopilot can do L4 level.

""To achieve fully automated driving, we must solve some basic problems, such as the decision-making of perception, so we must introduce new technologies such as artificial intelligence. But so far, automatic driving technology has completely replaced people for a while. Currently, the new generation of artificial intelligence It is very important that the machine and the people are integrated. This is an important technology in the process of fully replacing people with automatic driving,"" said Li Keqiang.

Xin Guobin pointed out that networked technology is an important means for information sharing and collaborative control between vehicles and the outside world. It plays an important supporting role in realizing automatic driving, especially in high-level autopilot path planning and cooperative control. It is also an intelligent networked car. Important content of road testing. Should speed up the deployment of new generation communication network technologies such as 5G, promote the intelligent construction of road infrastructure, meet the needs of network-linked functional testing, and promote the coordinated development of roads.

Stepping up to carry out closed testing

Uber and other unmanned car accidents have caused people to worry about the safety of intelligent network connected cars. In this regard, Xin Guobin said that with the advancement of intelligent warnings, collision protection, and emergency calls, and the gradual increase of networked technologies, the industrialization of high-grade intelligent network-linked cars, as well as new generation wireless communication, information security management and control technologies, etc. The application of automatic driving accident rate will be greatly reduced.

“We are conducting standards and testing studies for closed-field testing, base construction, and adaptive road testing, and hope that we can play a proper role in vehicle coordination in the future,” said Pang Song.

It is understood that at present, some local government departments have carried out a lot of work and laid the foundation for intelligent networked automobile road testing. Shanghai, Chongqing, Beijing-Hebei, Zhejiang, Changchun, Jilin, Wuhan, Hubei, Wuxi, Jiangsu, and other places have all set up intelligent network-linked automotive test demonstration areas, actively promoting semi-closed, open road test validation.

In December 2017, Beijing established 33 open test roads totaling 105 kilometers, and issued the first batch of temporary test plates for testing; Shanghai also demarcated the first phase of the 5.6-km open test road in March 2018 and issued it. The first batch of test plates were issued; Chongqing, Baoding and other places also issued corresponding road test implementation rules.

Huang Wei, deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Commission of Economics and Information, introduced that at present, 200 smart driving test scenarios have been completed in the pilot test and demonstration zone of the National Intelligent Internet Alliance Automotive (Shanghai) pilot project, becoming an international tester with complete testing capability, advanced technology, and strong influence. platform.

“In March of this year, two cars of SAIC Motor Group were put into pilotless testing, and the total number of kilometers currently tested was about 1,500 kilometers. The test items included the identification and response of traffic signals on the line and the avoidance of vehicles on pedestrians and non-motor vehicles. At present, both cars can safely drive in the lane and can identify and respond to the traffic lights, said Shen Haoming, deputy general manager of SAIC's technology management department.